A casual glance at numbers can give you an idea of the abundance of options for wildlife tour of India. The country has 515 wildlife sanctuaries. Among which 48 Tiger reserves fall under Project Tiger, an initiative aimed at the preservation of Tigers in the country. Though Indian wildlife is often advertised as the den of these big wild cats, it would be grossly unfair to limit it to the immediate clan of tigers. Here we have tried to represent 5 wildlife sanctuaries that would constitute the perfect wildlife tour of India in terms of both diversity and depth.
Ranthambore Wildlife National Park in Rajasthan
Ranthambore National Park, located 160 Km southeast of the pink city of Jaipur is spread across an area of 392 square km. It is one of those national parks where project tiger was successfully implemented. Between 2005 and 2014 the population of tigers more than doubled here and reached 62 from 25. Safari rides in this park are carried out at two slots at a cost of INR 800 per head on an average. Both these safaris, one starting early morning and one during noon takes three hours each. The park also accommodates several lakes and a tremendously spread banyan tree.
Sundarban National Park of West Bengal
No wildlife safari tour of India can be perfect without having visited the Sundarbans, spaced at a distance of 109 Km from the city of Kolkata. Apart from being a host of the grand Royal Bengal Tiger, Sundarbans is also known for its eco-diversity manifested through mangrove forests and its extensive collection of flora and fauna. Some of the endangered species that can be seen here are Saltwater Crocodile, river terrapin, Dolphins of River Ganges, olive ridley turtle, and Horseshoe crab.
Kaziranga National Park in Assam
Kaziranga National Park, Assam, expanded on an area of 378 SQ Km has been declared a world heritage site for its population of one-horned rhinoceroses. The Kaziranga wildlife sanctury which accommodates more than 2400 rhinos has a history of more than hundred years as a cordoned off conservatory. Apart from rhinos, Kaziranga hosts range of other wildlife including a variety of wild boars, deer, buffaloes and most notably Asian elephants. State Government of Assam runs wildlife safaris and maintains guest houses in the region to facilitate visitors.
Gir National Park in Gujarat
The Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary located at a distance of 65 Km towards South-East of the city of Junagadh is spread across a huge stretch of more than 1400 Sq Km. Out of this huge expanse of jungle, more than 250 Km is known as the fully protected National Park hosting more than 520 Asiatic Lions. It also has several water reservoirs and diverse variety of wildlife such as Nilgai, Chital Mugger crocodile et al. The sanctuary also promotes education on nature and wildlife through an interpretation zone that is there within the sanctuary itself.
Mudumalai Wildlife National Park in Tamilnadu
Located 150 Km North West from the City of Coimbatore Mudumalai Conservation Park is not only known for its variety of Bengal Tiger and Indian Leopard and Elephants. The sanctuary spread across the western ghats of Nilgiri also proudly accommodates nearly 270 species of rare birds including white-rumped Indian vultures, long-billed vulture. For being situated at the borders of Tamilnadu and Karnataka the sanctuary attracts tourists throughout the year from these two large states as well as other parts of the country and abroad.